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What is Cyber ​​Crime and how to protect yourself against cybercrime?

You must have heard about Cyber ​​Crime , but do you know what is cyber crime and how to avoid it? It is very important for all Internet users to know about this so that they can avoid any kind of cyber crime.

In this article, we will tell you what is cyber crime, how many types are there, how to complain about it and how to avoid it?

When internet would have been developed, no one would have thought that it would be misused in future too and today there is no need to tell how much cybercrime has increased now.

Whatever crimes are committed in cyber space through internet, they are called cyber crime, due to its anonymous nature, it started.

People or criminals who are more intelligent use the Internet incorrectly. These people make Internet users their victims through Hacking, Theft, Identify theft and malicious software, virus etc.

In such a situation, it is very important for every Internet user to know about cyber crimes. If you do not know about it yet, then from the information given here, you can know everything about it.

What is Cybercrime?

What is Cybercrime?

Cybercrime is a crime in which computers are used to commit online crimes (hacking, phishing, spamming).

Simply put, taking or stealing private information from someone's computer and using it incorrectly is called cybercrime and if it takes cybercrime to a large extent, it is called cyber terrorism.

In addition to stealing someone's personal information, documents or data theft, fraud, child pornography and hate crime etc. are crimes.

Computer crime is the meeting of any computer at any criminal place or committing any crime with the computer. But network is not involved in computer crime.

People who carry out this cyber crime are called cyber criminals. These cybercriminals use computer and internet technology to access people's system and steal their personal information, bank, details, business trade.

The criminals who commit these illegal activities are called hackers or crackers. Since hackers use computers for cybercrime, it can also be called computer crime.


Types of computer crime -

Computer crimes are also committed in many ways, such as stealing information, erasing information, manipulating information, giving someone else information or stealing or destroying computer parts etc.

Let us understand this in some detail.

  • Stealing information - stealing one's personal information from anyone's computer. Such as a username or password.

  • Erasing information - Erasing the information needed from someone's computer. Such as photos, videos and documents.

  • Shuffle - remove or add or change something by accessing one's system.

  • External Damage - Destroying parts of one's computer, breaking it or stealing parts of it.

There are many types of cyber crimes as well, such as spamming, hacking, phishing, inserting viruses, stealing someone's information online or keeping an eye on them all the time.

Let us also know in detail about cyber crime types,


Types of cyber crime -

Nowadays, cybercrime has increased so much that the criminals are committing crime in new ways and many types of cyber crime have been done. Of which I will tell you about some common types of cybercrime here.

1. Spamming -

In this type of crime, many types of emails are received to the user which include such emails which only harm the computer. Those emails cause computer malfunctions.

This happens when the user opens the mail and clicks on the link in it and this automatically downloads the virus or malware in their system.

2. Phishing -

Phishing is a crime in which the user is fooled by sending fraudulent mail and tries to steal his personal information.

In this, messages like offers, reward, lottery are made so that the user can greedily submit his bank details, address and other details.

3. Hacking -

In this crime, hackers enter the restricted area and steal their personal and sensitive information by accessing the computer system of others without their permission.

If someone comes to your computer and takes the necessary data from it, then it will be called simple theft but when someone online accesses your system and steals your data, it is called hacking.

Hackers use malicious software, virus script, phishing mail etc. to access other systems. It happens so silently that the computer owner does not even know about it.

4. Theft -

This crime involves stealing someone's information or material. This crime occurs when a person violates copyright laws. Such as downloading music, movies, games and software.

There are many piracy websites that get free movies, songs, games and software downloaded without the permission of the original content owners.

That is, free downloading and getting the premium things also comes under cyber crime. It is considered illegal to do so.

5. Spreading virus -

Cyber ​​criminals create some software and send them to your computer, in which viruses are hidden. These include viruses such as worm, tarzan horse, logic horse etc.

These viruses spread havoc from one computer to another and third to another. Sometimes this attack becomes so big that millions of computers get hit by it.

6. Software Piracy -

Cybercrime is also made by copying one's software and selling it at cheaper prices. Because of this the software companies have to suffer heavy losses.

You must have seen that a fake version of any product comes in the market before that. A free version or crack version is available for any software.

7. Fraud bank call -

In this crime, bank customers are fake calls and they are asked for their bank details. In this, details of most credit card, debit card are sought so that they can steal money from the bank account of the customer.

They are given various types of warnings to pressurize the customers. For example, if information is not given, their account will be closed or balance will be deducted from their account etc.

8. Spreading rumors -

Many people continue to spread social, ideological, religious and political rumors on social media sites. Many users do not understand their intentions and inadvertently share such links.

Let me tell you that this also comes under the category of cyber crime and cyber-terrorism. Even if you are not doing this yourself and you have only shared this type of post on Facebook, Twitter.

9. Cyber ​​bulling -

Making indecent comments on social media sites, making threats on the internet, making fun of someone to such an extent that they get bullied, embarrassing someone in front of others on the Internet, it is called cyber bullying.

Often children and new people fall prey to it and they are mentally hurt, it also has a negative impact on their health. That is why doing so also comes in cyber crime.

10. Child pornography -

In this type of crime, criminals mostly use chat rooms and hide their identity and interact with minors, new people and young children do not understand this.

Because of which they abuse the child, threaten them, threaten and provoke them for pornography. Children, girls are the victims of this crime.

If we talk about the categories of cybercrime, then it is divided into three categories: Individual, Property and Government. Crime is done differently in each category.

Now we know a lot about cybercrime. Let us now know how to avoid cyber crime, 


How to avoid cyber crime -

How to avoid cyber crime? You must know about it. Because you can be a victim of it at any time or you may accidentally make this mistake.

Tell you that the best way to avoid cyber attacks is to have knowledge about it, only then you can avoid becoming a cyber victim.

Prevention of Cybercrime means that the right knowledge of prevention can save you from getting into it.

You can avoid cybercrime in the following ways -

  • Be well aware of what is spamming and phishing mail and never click on the link in the message or email of unknown person.

  • Educate yourself about the various Cybercrime that exist on the Internet, so that you can become aware of them.

  • Do not share your personal details on any website, only on verified sites.
    In addition to safe surfing, be smart while shopping online and only shop online from popular, trusted site.

  • Whenever paying online, you must see the lock symbol in the browser and check that the URL is also opened with https: // and not with http: //.

  • Always use a good anti-virus software in your computer, it protects you from viruses, malware etc.

  • Always keep your internet browser (chrome, firefox, opera) updated whatever you use.

  • Avoid using free wifi and always use secure password for your wifi, online acocunts.

  • As far as possible avoid publishing your personal information online.

  • Before downloading any software or app, confirm well that you are not doing anything wrong.

  • In any online scheme, if there is talk of winning money and getting price, then do not fall for its greed and do not believe them at all.

Keeping these things in mind, you can avoid cybercrime. Let me tell you now that if something like this happens to you, then how and where to report this cyber crime.

Where to report Cyber ​​Crime in India?

Cases of cyber crime and online fraud are increasing daily in India, and people who are victims of it due to lack of knowledge are unable to do anything.

We would like to tell them that if ever this happens to you, cybercrime victims can file a complaint report against cybercrime.

To complain about cyber crime, you can go online on the Indian government website Cyber ​​Crime Portal .

Apart from this, cyber cell is present in almost all big cities of India. You can complain by going there. This cyber department helps both online and offline.

If someone creates illegal activities through your fake profile, then you can report its cyber crime investigation cell.

And you can also call the helpline number 155260 of the national cyber crime reporting portal. This was information about what is cyber crime.

Conclusion -

So friends, in this article we learned what is cyber crime, how many types are there and how to avoid it? I hope you liked this information and now you have learned everything about cybercrime.

Nothing is safe on the internet, here you have to take care of your cyber security yourself. Only then you can avoid online cyber attacks.

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