National highway in India Along with increasing the facilities of traffic and traffic, state roads have been made to connect different states.
The agency which is handled by the very large network of National Highways in India is the Central Government of India.
Roads make our lives smooth. This road is mainly of 2 lanes. By June 2016, more than 10,00,087 km of national highways had been targeted to increase these stateways by at least 1,000 km, as well as to connect it to all major cities and state capitals. Of these, 26,200 km have been connected with 2 lanes and at least 50,000 km with 4 lanes.
The Government of India, since 2017, is committed to construct 30 km in the country every day, which is 11,000 km of highways in a year.
Also, cement and concrete will be used instead of bitumen in new construction, due to which the highways will not be damaged quickly. The total national highway length in India is 70,548 km.
About National Highways in India –
The total length of road network in India is 46.90 lakh km, which is the second largest road network in the world.
The network is divided into 5 sections, which are as follows- Expressway, National Highway (NHS), State Roads (SHS), Rural Roads and others.
There are national highway grade roads in India, which we know as express highways. This highway is mostly 6 lanes. Where entry and exit are involved.
Road slips are used to control a national highway or highway. The speed on the highways is mostly uncontrolled, due to which it is dangerous for pedestrians and cyclists.
National highways have played a significant role in boosting economic development in the country, trade with many cities is only through highways.
There are many dhabas on the highways, which are very popular with the highway length, in which they serve the local dishes of the people there.
National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)
It is a national agency committed to maintain the construction, upgradation of national highways. This authority is run under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
This authority uses private and public partnership models for highway development, maintenance and toll collection. The National Highway Development Project is a major effort to expand and upgrade the highway network.
National highways in India are mainly in 2 lanes, which are now being expanded to 4 lanes. Also some are being extended to 6 or more lanes.
1.7% of national highways are built in India, out of which up to 40% use road transport and carry traffic ie less construction of roads, but they are exploited which means more use than their construction which makes the roads quicker Makes it barren. About 60% of the freight is carried by road and up to 87% of the passenger traffic.
Some part of these road network is also of toll road. More than 30,000 km of new highways have been planned for the construction of NHDP in 2011, of which 26,000 km of expressways are under construction.
The government has been working since December 2014 to ensure that national highways, which were hitherto single roads, are connected with two or more street roads.
New number system for highways
From 28 April 2010, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India has adopted a new systematic number for the National Highway, it will be easier to understand the direction system.
It is divided on the basis of direction and geography. All north-south through even numbers, east-west odd numbers, major highways from north to south are indicated by single numbers or double numbers.
Triple digits are used for the main route to another source. India’s second highest motor highway lane Manali highway connects Shimla to lane in Kashmir.
Highway development in India
According to the National Highways Act 1956, private investment can also be provided for the maintenance and construction of highways.
Bypasses have been built between major cities to avoid any kind of traffic interruption or traffic. Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee launched the National Highway Development Project to upgrade the highway on a large scale, paved and 4 lane roads in four metros of North-South and East Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
Worked on building and connecting cities. Between 1997 and 2002 the tenure of the Vajpayeeji government expanded to 23,814 km of road network, which was the largest national highway construction after independence.
While 18,000 km of national highway was constructed between 2004 and 2014 by the UPA government.
Names of the 10 most popular main highways in India
There are about 228 national highways in India, of which National Highway 31, National Highway 2 and 1 are also known as Grand Trunk Road. Jawahar Tunnel is located in NH 1. NH 1 and NH 7 cross each other in Nagpur,
besides National Highway 3, National Highway 4, National Highway 5, National Highway 6, Longest National Highway 7, National Highway 8, National Highway 15, National Highway 17 is.
It is included in the list of the ten longest national highways in India, which still holds its place in the new list of 2017. This highway has been successful in connecting the big cities of the country, as well as this has made the transportation work of various states smooth.
Apart from this, the shortest national highway is NH 47A which passes through Kochi Wellington Island. It is in the state of Kerala, its length is only 6 km. NH 39 National Highway is called the lifeline of Myanmar.
List of highways of India with States through, length
Some of the national highways in India are displayed below –
|Serial number||Highway names||way||States through||Total length|
|1.||NH 1||Delhi-Ambala- Ludhiana Amritsar- Indo Pak||Delhi, Haryana and Punjab||456 km|
|2.||NH 1B||Batote-Doka-Kishtwar -Syamthan Pass -Mineable||Jammu and Kashmir||274 km|
|3.||NH 1A||Jalandhar – Madhopur – Jammu Banihal – Srinagar Baramulla – Uri||Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir||663 km|
|4.||NH 1C||Dommel – Katra||Jammu and Kashmir||8 kilometers|
|5.||NH 1D||Srinagar – Kargil – Leh||Jammu and Kashmir||422 km|
|6.||NH 2A||Sikandra – Bhobanipur||Uttar Pradesh||25 km|
|7.||NH 4A||Belgaum – Anmod – Ponda – Peanji||Karnataka and Goa||153 km|
|8.||NH 4B||Nhava Sheva – Kalamboli – Palspe||Maharashtra||27 km|
|9.||NH 5A||From Haridaspur Pardip Port Junction||Orissa||77 km|
|10.||NH 7A||Palayakottai – Tuticorin Port||Tamil Nadu||51 km|
|11.||NH 8A||Ahmedabad –Limbdi –Morvi –Candla Mandvi||Gujarat||473 km|
|12.||NH 8B||Bambori – Rajkot – Porbandar||Gujarat||206 km|
|13.||NH 8C||Chiloda – Gandhinagar – Sarkhej||Gujarat||46 km|
|14.||NH 8D||Jetpur – Somnath||Gujarat||127 km|
|15.||NH 8 E||Somnath – Bhavnagar||Gujarat||220 km|
|16.||NH Number NEI||Ahmedabad – Vadodara Expressway||Gujarat||93 km|
|17.||NH 9||Pune-Solapur-Hyderabad-Vijayawada Machilipatnam||Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh||841 km|
|18.||NH 10||Delhi-Fazilka-Indo-Pak border||Delhi, Haryana, Punjab||403 km|
|19.||NH 11||Agra – Jaipur – Bikaner||Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan||582 km|
|20.||NH 12||Jabalpur – Bhopal – Khilchipur – Akrela – Jhalwar – Kota – Bundi – Devil – Tonk – Jaipur||Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan||890 km|
|21.||NH 13||Solapur – Chhattisgarh – Shihmong – Mangalore||Maharashtra and Karnataka||691 km|
|22.||NH 14||Bever-Sirohi-Radhapur||Rajasthan and Gujarat||450 km|
|23.||NH 15||Pathankot – Amritsar – Bhatinda – Ganganagar – Bikaner – Jaisalmer – Barmer – Samkhali||Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat||1526 km|
|24.||NH 16||Nizamabad-macharial-bhopalpatnam-jagdalpur||Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh||460 km|
|25.||NH 17||Panvel – Mahad – Paanji – Karwar – Oudupi – Surkkal – Mangalore – Kannanore – Kozhikode – Farokh – Padu – Ponnami – Chhot – Kannur||Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala||1269 km|
|26.||NH 24||Delhi-Moradabad-Bareilly-Lucknow||Delhi and Uttar Pradesh||438 km|
|27.||NH 39||Namuligarh-Imphal-Palele-Indo Burma Border||Assam, Nagaland and Manipur||436 km|
|28.||NH 43||Raipur – Jagdalpur – Vizianagaram||Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh||551 km|
|29.||NH 44||Shillong – Passi – Badarpur – Agartala – Sabroom||Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura||630 km|
|30.||NH 45||Chennai – Tambram – Tindivanam Villupuram – Triuchilapalli – Manapparai – Dindigul – Periyakulam – Theni||Tamil Nadu||472 km|
|31.||NH 47||Salem – Erode – Coimbatore – Palghat – Trichur – Ernakulam – Quilon – Trivandrum – Nagercoil – Kanyakumari||Kerala, Tamil Nadu||640 km|
|32.||NH 54||Dabka – Lumding – Silchar – Aizawl – Tuipung||Assam and Mizoram||850 km|
|33.||NH 58||Delhi-Ghaziabad-Girut-Haridwar-Badrinath-Man Pas||Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand||538 km|
|34.||NH 65||Ambala – Kaithal – Hissar – Fatehpur – Jodhpur||Haryana and Rajasthan||690 km|
|35.||NH 75||Gwalior – Jhansi – Chhatarpur – Rewa – Renukut – Garwa – Daltonganj – Allahabad||Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand||995 km|
|36.||NH 76||Pindwara – Udhaipur, Tuesday – Kota Shivpuri – Jhansi – Banda – Allahabad||Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan||1007 km|
|37.||NH 78||Katni-Shahdol-Ambikapur-Jashpurnagar-Gumla||Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand||559 km|
|38.||NH 79||Ajmer – Nasirabad – Namich – Mansadpur – Indore||Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan||500 km|
|39.||NH 86||Kanpur – Chattarpur – Sea – Bhopal Dewas||Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh||674 km|
|40.||NH 200||Raipur – Bilaspur – Raigarh – Canaktora – Jharasuguda – Kochinda – Devgarh – Talcher – Chadikhole||Odisha and Chhattisgarh||740 km|
|41.||NH 205||Anantapur – Renigunta – Chennai||Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu||442 km|
|42.||NH 209||Dindigul – Pollachi – Palani – Coimbatore – Ananur Kollegal – Bangalore||Tamil Nadu and Karnataka||456 km|
|43.||NH 217||Raipur – Gopalpur||Chhattisgarh and Orissa||508 km|
|44.||NH 222||Kalyan – Ahmednagar||Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh||610 km|
|45.||NH 228||Sabarmati Ashram – Nadiad – Anand – Beautiful – Navsari – Dandi||Gujarat||374 km|
|46.||NH 31||Barhi – Bakhtiyarpur – Mokameh – Purnea – Dalkola – Siliguri – Sevok – Koch Bihar – Uttar Salmara – Nalbari – Charili – Amin Village Junction||Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Assam||1125 km|
|47.||NH 31A||Sevok – Gangtok||West Bengal and Sikkim||92 km|
|48.||NH 31B||Uttar Salmara – Jogighopara Junction||Assam||19 kilometers|
|49.||NH 31C||Galgalia – Bagh Dogra – Chalsa Nagarkata – Goerkata – Dalgaon – Hasimara – Rajbhut Khava – Kochgoan – Sidili – Binny||West Bengal and Assam||235 km|
|50.||NH 3||Agra – Gwalior – Shivpuri – Indore – Dhule – Nasik – Thane – Mumbai||Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra||1161 km|
|51.||NH 4||Thane – Pune – Belgaum – Hubli – Bangalore – Caller – Chittoor – Ranipet – Chennai||Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu||1235 km|
|52.||NH 5||Bahragora – Katak – Bhubaneswar – Visakhapatnam – Vijayawada – Guntur – Nellore – Chennai||Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu||1533 km|
|53.||NH 6||Hazira – Dhule – Nagpur – Raipur – Sambalpur – Behora – Kolkata||Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Gujarat||1949 km|
|55.||NH 7||Varanasi – Mangwan – Rewa – Jabalpur – Lakhonds – Nagpur – Hyderabad – Kurnool Bangalore – Hosur – Krishna Giri – Dharmapuri, Salem – Namakkal – Karur – Dindigul – Madurai – Virudunagar – Trunelveli – Kanyakumari||Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu||2369 km|
|56.||NH 8||Delhi – Jaipur – Ajmer – Udhaipur – Ahmedabad – Vadodara – Mumbai||Delhi, Haryana – Rajasthan – Gujarat and Maharashtra||1428 km|
|57.||NH 221||Vijayawada – Bhadrachalam – Jadalpur||Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh||329 km|
|58.||NH 219||Madanapalle – Kuppam – Krishnagiri||Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu||150 km|
|59.||NH 218||Bijapur – Hubli||Karnataka||176 km|
|60.||NH 210||Trichy – Pudukottai – Devakottai – Ramanathapuram||Tamil Nadu||160 km|
|61.||NH 211||Solapur – Osmanabad – Aurangabad – Dhule||Maharashtra||400 km|
|62.||NH 203||Bhubaneshwar – Complete||Orissa||59 km|
|63.||NH 201||Borigumma – Bolangir – Bargarh||Orissa||310 km|
|64.||NH 119||Puri – Najibabad – Gemrut||Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh||260 km|
|65.||NH 108||Dharas – Uttarkashi – Yamanotri – Dham||Uttarakhand||127 km|
|66.||NH 104||Chakia – Sitamarhi – Jayanagar – Niharia||Bihar||160 km|
|67.||NH 102||Chapra – Rewaghat – Muzaffarpur||Bihar||80 km|
|68.||NH 93||Agra – Aligarh – Babrala – Chandausi – Moradabad||Uttar Pradesh||220 km|
|69.||NH 35||Barasat-Bangaon-Indo Bangladesh Border||West Bengal||61 km|
|70.||NH 54A||Theriat-Lungiei||Mizoram||9 kilometers|
|71.||NH 55||Siliguri – Darjeeling||West Bengal||77 km|
|72.||NH 56||Lucknow-Varanasi||Uttar Pradesh||285 km|
|73.||NH 57||Muzaffarpur – Darbhanga – Farbisganj – Purnea||Bihar||310 km|
|74.||NH 59||Ahmedabad – Godhra – Dhar – Indore||Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh||350 km|
|75.||NH 60||Balasore – Kharagpur – Asansol||Orissa and West Bengal||305 km|